Category Archives: Gaming

Banjo-Kazooie Maps

I found these maps originally here, but there were two level locations missing (Clanker’s Cavern and Freezeezy Peak), so I decided to edit them. I added level labels, as well as colour-coded the cauldron portals — cauldrons with the same colour dot teleport to each other.

Here are the improved maps for Banjo-Kazooie, one of my favourite games on the N64:

Reversola – Reverse Engineering Sola Rola



I was browsing the Kongregate forums one day, when a post caught my eye. It was a list of broken games on the site that still had achievements to earn, and the clever ways that people had found to progress in those games far enough to earn the achievements. Sola Rola: The Gravity Maze was one of the few that hadn’t been solved. This game was interesting because not only was it broken on Kongregate, it was also broken on every single other Flash game portal out there, including the game’s own sponsor Gimme5Games and the website of its creator, EvilFree Productions.

This was a simple physics-based game where you rotate the environment, similar to Loco Roco, but with its own cheeky characters having to navigate a maze. Around September 24, 2010, something changed that broke the game. No matter which website or computer you accessed it from, the game would show the sponsor logo and then a blank white screen. For two years, seemingly no one could figure it out, so in September of 2012, I set out to investigate it myself. Two weeks later, with the help of the Kongregate community, we were able to recreate the original levels to get a working version of the game for people to play and — if they are into this sort of thing — earn the achievements.

Why it Doesn’t Work

A few people already found out why the game doesn’t load. When the game starts, it tries to load two XML files: translate.xml, containing language strings, and levelList.xml, containing the level list. The problem is these files were ONLY located on the Gimme5Games server and the files are now nowhere to be found. This explains why the game was broken no matter which portal hosted the game (SWF file). After an hour of fruitless searching through internet archives, and several efforts to contact the developer, it was clear the original files would not be found. Another approach had to be taken.

In April of 2012, askon, a Kongregate user, posted the source code decompiled from the game’s SWF file, and a way to fool the game into starting with an empty XML file. All that was missing were the contents of that file — the level data! Fortunately, someone had recorded every single level of the game on Youtube, so we had hope to reconstruct the levels, if we only we knew the structure of the XML files. That is where I would come in. More on that later.

Getting the Game to Start

Network diagram

The hosts file entry bypasses the DNS lookup and redirects requests to our server.

When the game starts, it requests the XML files using ordinary HTTP requests to “” and “”. Since those are gone forever, we need the game to look for those files on a different server — one that we control. One obvious way would be to modify the compiled SWF file itself, however that wouldn’t allow us to earn achievements on the Kongregate site. Instead, we will redirect the request at the DNS lookup step. The easiest way to do this is to modify the “hosts” file of the local machine. Now, instead of asking a remote DNS server for the IP address of, our PC will simply use the entry in our hosts file.

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